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A Guide to Exotic Fruits in Costa Rica

Article by GVI


Posted: April 13, 2023

Costa Rica is a treasure trove of exotic fruits that tantalise the taste buds and provide significant health benefits. With a wide variety of unique flavours, textures, and colours, there is something to suit every palate.

The Rich Biodiversity of Costa Rica

Costa Rica is a small Central American country with an incredibly diverse ecosystem, making it one of the most biodiverse places on Earth. The country boasts over 60,000 plant species and an impressive density of wildlife. In addition, Costa Rica is home to numerous unique and delicious exotic fruits that are native to the country.

The Role of Climate and Geography

Costa Rica’s geographical location and varied climate contribute to its rich biodiversity. The country is nestled between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, and its terrain varies from tropical rainforests and misty cloud forests to arid plains and even volcanoes. Costa Rica’s fertile soil and warm climate create the ideal environment for a large array of fruit-bearing plants to thrive.

Due to its location near the equator, Costa Rica has a tropical climate with a year-round warm temperature. This makes it perfect for producing a variety of fruits throughout the year. Costa Rica’s diverse microclimates mean that certain fruits can thrive in specific regions, contributing to the country’s vast array of exotic fruits.

The Importance of Sustainable Agriculture

Costa Rica is widely recognised for its commitment to the environment, with sustainable agriculture playing a crucial role in the nation’s efforts to preserve biodiversity. Many local farmers practice organic farming methods, which not only produce healthier, more nutritious fruits but also help to protect and conserve the surrounding ecosystems. Responsible agricultural practices contribute to the quality and abundance of Costa Rica’s exotic fruits, further enhancing the country’s rich biodiversity.

A Guide to Costa Rican Fruit Markets

One of the best ways to immerse yourself in the flavours of Costa Rica and support the local economy is by visiting the numerous fruit markets scattered around the country. From bustling city markets to rural roadside stands, there’s something to discover everywhere you go.

Navigating Local Markets

Costa Rican fruit markets, known as “ferias,” often feature a vibrant array of exotic fruits that may be unfamiliar to foreign visitors. With seemingly endless options, it can be helpful to know how to navigate these markets like a pro. Confidence and curiosity are important when exploring these fruit stalls, and don’t be afraid to ask questions. The majority of vendors are more than happy to share their knowledge of the fruits they are selling, and they may even offer a free sample!

When choosing fruits, make sure to select ones that are ripe and free of blemishes or bruises. Some fruits may require careful handling, as their skin may be delicate or prone to staining. To avoid purchasing more than you need, consider bringing a reusable bag to carry your purchases and refrain from taking more than you can eat or give away.

Seasonal Availability of Exotic Fruits

While many fruits are available year-round in Costa Rica, some are highly seasonal and their availability will depend on the region, weather, and time of year. Understanding the seasonal nature of some exotic fruits will ensure you don’t miss out on the freshest and most flavourful selections during your visit. We recommend researching which fruits are in season before heading to the market, and if you are unsure, ask the vendors for guidance.

Pineapple and other exotic fruits in a basket on a white background, top view.

Must-Try Exotic Fruits in Costa Rica

With so many exotic fruits readily available, it can be challenging to decide which to try first. Below are some of our favorites, which we highly recommend exploring for their unique flavours and potential health benefits.

The Sweet and Tangy Guanabana

Guanabana, also known as soursop, is a large green fruit covered in spiky bumps. The flesh inside is soft, white, and creamy with a sweet and sour taste that is reminiscent of strawberry, pineapple, and citrus. Guanabana is often used in fruit juices, smoothies, and ice creams, and is packed with vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C and potassium.

Aside from its delightful taste, guanabana is believed to have numerous health benefits. Some of these include offering natural anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, possibly helping to combat cancer cells, and improving digestive health.

The Unique Flavor of Mamon Chino

Referred to as rambutan in other countries, mamon chino is a small fruit encased in a spiky red or yellow shell. The flesh inside is translucent and delightfully juicy, with a sweet, slightly tart flavour. Mamon chino is an excellent source of vitamin C and contains other important nutrients, such as manganese and niacin.

When consuming mamon chino, make sure to separate the flesh from the seed, as the seed is not edible. The refreshing taste and high water content make mamon chino a favorite snack among locals and tourists alike.

The Versatile Breadfruit

Breadfruit is a large, round, green fruit with a bumpy, thick skin. When cooked, its starchy inside has a texture similar to that of bread, hence its name. Breadfruit is a versatile food that can be boiled, fried, baked, or roasted and offers numerous nutritional benefits, including high levels of fibre, potassium, and vitamin C.

Breadfruit is often used as a starch substitute in place of rice, potatoes, or yucca. Not only does it offer a wealth of health benefits, but it’s also an essential staple for many communities around the world thanks to its abundance and nutritional value.

The Refreshing Pejibaye

Pejibaye, also known as peach palm fruit, is a bright orange or yellow fruit that grows in clusters on palm trees. When cooked, pejibaye has a slightly sweet taste and a firm, creamy texture. It is a good source of fibre, vitamins A and C, and essential minerals such as potassium, magnesium, and phosphorus.

Pejibaye is typically consumed after being boiled in salted water, but it can also be incorporated into soups, stews, or salads. When preparing pejibaye, remember to remove the tough outer skin and the seed before consuming.

Health Benefits of Costa Rican Exotic Fruits

Costa Rican exotic fruits offer more than just unique flavours and textures; they also provide a range of valuable health benefits that have garnered these fruits the well-deserved label of superfoods.

Nutrient-Dense Superfoods

The exotic fruits of Costa Rica are known for their high nutritional content, packed with essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that support overall health. Adding these fruits to your diet can help to ensure you are consuming a wide range of essential nutrients that are sometimes lacking in more common fruits found elsewhere.

Boosting Immunity and Energy Levels

The high levels of natural vitamins and minerals found in Costa Rican exotic fruits can help maintain a robust immune system, supporting your body in fighting off illness and infection. Additionally, these nutrient-dense fruits can contribute to increased energy levels by providing the body with essential vitamins and minerals needed for optimal functioning.

Supporting Digestive Health

Many of Costa Rica’s exotic fruits, such as guanabana and breadfruit, are high in dietary fibre, which promotes healthy digestion and can aid in maintaining healthy body weight. Regular consumption of fibre-rich exotic fruits can help support regular bowel movements, promote a healthy gut flora, and reduce the risk of developing various digestive disorders.

The enticing world of Costa Rican exotic fruits awaits you. Whether you’re exploring local markets or trying them at a roadside stand, the unique flavours and significant health benefits of these fruits will leave a lasting impression on your taste buds and your well-being.

Travel to Costa Rica with GVI

Mouth watering yet? Want to travel to Costa Rica to try all this delicious fruit – and have an adventure? A popular tourist destination, you’ll be spoilt for choice when visiting Costa Rica. If you’re looking for beaches, you’ve come to the right place. Head to Punta Uva beach, where you’ll find kilometres of white sand lined with palm trees, excellent surfing conditions and eateries. The famously advanced surfing spot known as Salsa Brava can also be found here. If you’re looking for something more off the beaten track, head to the neighbouring beach towns of Cahuita or Manzanillo.

Other activities you can take part in include snorkelling among a coral reef, hiking, ziplining and white-water rafting. You could also spend a weekend visiting nearby beach resort towns or numerous stunning national parks.

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