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Madagascar: Island of Surprises

Article by GVI


Posted: January 27, 2023

Welcome to the fascinating world of Madagascar, home to a wide variety of cultures and abundant biodiversity! In fact, there’s so much to discover on this small island off the coast of Africa that we wanted to create a handy guide for those of you keen to explore it. 

If you’re someone who loves to learn about new places and cultures, then you’re in for a real treat with Madagascar. The island’s indigenous population, the Malagasy people, have a rich and diverse culture that has been shaped by centuries of isolation and interaction with the island’s unique environment. And with over 100 species of lemurs, including the critically endangered black-and-white ruffed lemur and the highly unusual aye-aye, Madagascar is an ecological haven that’s sure to delight nature enthusiasts.

But that’s not all. Madagascar is also home to beautiful beaches, crystal clear waters, and a delicious cuisine that’s heavily influenced by its diverse cultural heritage. Whether you’re a traveller, a student, or just someone with a curious mind, you’ll find something intriguing about this island. So, come along with me and discover the many interesting facts about Madagascar that make this place so special.

So here is our complete guide to the interesting facts and must-see sights of Madagascar.

Madagascar – cultural facts 

The Malagasy people, the island’s indigenous population, have a rich and diverse culture that has been shaped by centuries of isolation and interaction with the island’s unique environment.

  • One of the most striking aspects of Malagasy culture is its traditional system of kinship and ancestor worship. This is reflected in the island’s many tombs and burial sites, which are often adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures. Visitors can see these sites in different regions of the island, such as the Royal Hill of Ambohimanga, which is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  •  Malagasy culture also includes a wide variety of traditional arts, including music, dance, and carving, that are still widely practised today. Visitors can experience traditional music and dance performances at cultural centres or during local festivals. Also, the traditional art of wood carving is something that can be seen in many places on the island, from small souvenirs to large sculptures.


Madagascar – ecological facts

Madagascar is home to an incredible array of unique and endangered species, many of which are found nowhere else on Earth.

  • The island is home to over 100 species of lemurs, including the critically endangered black-and-white ruffed lemur and the highly unusual aye-aye. These primates are fascinating to watch, and visitors can find them in different national parks and protected areas, such as Andasibe-Mantadia National Park, which is home to the Indri, the largest lemur species, or Lokobe National Park on Nosy Be island
  • The island’s diverse ecosystems also include rainforests, dry deciduous forests, and spiny deserts, each of which is home to its own unique array of plants and animals. Visitors can explore these ecosystems on guided tours and hikes, learning about the unique flora and fauna found in each habitat.


Isalo National Park, Route Nationale 7, Madagascar, Africa

Madagascar –  other interesting facts

  • Madagascar was once part of the supercontinent Gondwana and split off around 88 million years ago, this made the island a unique biodiversity hotspot. This means that the island has a high number of endemic species that can be found nowhere else on Earth, making it a prime destination for scientists and researchers.
  • The island is also known for its beautiful beaches and crystal clear waters, which are popular with tourists and scuba divers. Visitors can relax on the white sandy beaches and enjoy snorkelling or diving, in places such as Nosy Be, or Île Sainte-Marie, where they can see a variety of marine life including dolphins, whales, and colourful fish.
  • Madagascar has a unique and delicious cuisine, which is heavily influenced by its diverse cultural heritage. Visitors can find a range of traditional dishes such as romazava, made from beef or chicken with vegetables, or ravitoto, made from pork and cassava leaves. These dishes are often served with rice and are accompanied by various condiments such as piquant sauce.


Madagascar – facts for tourists 

  • While visiting Madagascar, it’s important to consider the conservation status of the island’s ecosystems and the efforts to preserve them. Unfortunately, many of  Madagascar’s ecosystems are under threat due to human activities such as deforestation, hunting, and pollution. This has led to the loss of habitats and the decline of many species. But conservation efforts are ongoing to protect and preserve the island’s unique biodiversity.
  • Visitors can support ongoing conservation efforts by choosing ecotourism options like eco-friendly accommodations and tour operators who prioritise sustainable practices and minimise their impact on the environment. You can also buy locally made products, eat at local restaurants and support other local businesses.
  • Visitors can engage in ethical travel by volunteering with organisations such as GVI and their local community partner organisations to take a direct action in conservation projects while they travel. 


Madagascar is a destination that should not be missed for anyone looking for a unique and enriching travel experience. With its rich culture, diverse ecosystems, and ongoing conservation efforts, it offers a chance to learn, discover, and make a positive impact. Plan your trip with care and consideration, and you’ll be rewarded with an adventure of a lifetime.

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